Biological Science

The Basics of Biological Science

Biological Science studies all aspects of the living world, from molecules to whole organisms. It also examines the interactions of living things with their environment.

Biological science is a broad field that includes many specializations. These include morphology (taxonomy), genetics (biophysics), and marine biology.


Prehistoric man’s knowledge and experiences with animals and plants led to the birth of biological science. It was verbally passed along from one generation into the next.

During the Neolithic revolution dated 10,000 years ago, people started farming and animal husbandry practices. This revolution was a huge turning point in the history of biology.

The term “biology” was first used to describe all branches of science related to living things. These included Botany. Zoology. Microbiology. Bio-chemical Sciences.


Taxonomy describes the process of classifying living creatures into different groups according to similarities and differences. This is a process scientists use all the time.

Biological science deals with the understanding of the relationships between organisms. It includes the study of how organisms have changed over time, and it also focuses on how we can preserve the planet by maintaining its natural balance.

Taxonomy, one of the oldest branches in biology, has a long history. It has been classified and discovered many times. It is an integral part in many other scientific disciplines like conservation and drug development.


The ecological component of biological science deals specifically with the interaction between organisms. It includes topics like community ecology, evolution, or disease.

Ecology, unlike other branches of science which focus on specific parts or the development and growth of an organism, focuses on the entire ecosystem. This includes both non-living and living components of an ecosystem.

Ecosystems are a collection or groups of species that interact and live together. This interaction can cause selective pressures to develop. It can also alter an organism’s genetic composition, or increase or decrease their sizes.


Biology is all about how things work. The study of biology focuses on this. It deals with everything from the basic function of individual cells to the interactions between organisms and their environment.

Physiologists also study the adaptation of our bodies to environmental change. They call this homeostasis. This process helps the body maintain a stable chemical and temperature balance, regardless of changes to weather or food intake.

Physiology is a multidisciplinary science. It includes biology, chemistry and physics. It overlaps with neuroscience and genetics.


Genetics, a branch within biological science, studies genes, genetic variation, heredity, and other aspects. It is an important branch because heredity is vital to organisms’ evolution.

A gene is information that tells a body how to make a particular type or protein. A change in a gene may cause changes to an individual’s Phenotype. This refers to how the body looks, and acts.

Genetics also includes research into complex diseases and their causes. This includes genes and environment conditions, such as diet and exercise, and exposures to toxins.






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